Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes the muscles to contract and spasm involuntarily. The neurological mechanism that makes muscles relax when they are not in use does not function correctly: causing opposing muscles to contract simultaneously. Dystonia can affect people of all ages and backgrounds.
Elements shared by the different types of dystonia: repetitive, patterned, and often twisting, involuntary muscle contractions.
- Disrupts the nervous system’s ability to effectively communicate between the brain and the muscles.
- May affect one muscle, a group of muscles, or all muscles.
Treatment for Dystonia
- Physical, occupational, and speech therapies
- Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections
- Baclofen Pump implants
- Oral medications
Baclofen and Botox are most effective when used in combination with physical, occupational, and/or speech therapies.