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A concussion is a traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. It can also be caused by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.

Common Signs and Symptoms

 Signs observed:

  • Appears to be dazed or stunned
  • Is confused about assignment
  • Forgets plays
  • Is unsure of game, score, or opponent
  • Moves clumsily
  • Answers questions slowly
  • Loses consciousness (even temporarily)
  • Shows behavior or personality change
  • Forgets events prior to hit (retrograde amnesia)
  • Forgets events after hit (anterograde amnesia)

Signs reported by patient:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or fuzzy vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling sluggish
  • Feeling "foggy"
  • Change in sleep pattern
  • Concentration or memory problems

External Resources

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Concussion in Sports

Erlanger Resources

Pediatric Neurology