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Erysipeloid

Definition

Erysipeloid is inflammation of the skin (dermatitis) due to bacteria.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Erysipeloid is caused by the bacteria, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. This type of bacteria is found in fish, birds, mammals, and shellfish. It usually affects people who work with these animals (such as farmers or butchers).

Symptoms

The main symptom is warmth, tenderness, and redness on the skin.

Treatment

Antibiotics, especially penicillin, are used to treat this condition.

Expectations (prognosis)

The infection rarely spreads. It may get better on its own.

References

Habif TP. Bacterial infections. In: Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 9.


Review Date: 11/20/2012
Reviewed By: Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.
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