|Clefts of the Lip
Did you know that each year
approximately 227,500 or 7 percent of births in the United States are
affected by birth defects of the head and face? Learn about the various
types of clefts of the lip and palate, how to feed an infant with a cleft,
the surgery options available and actual case studies.
of the ear is one of the mostchallenging
problems faced by a reconstructive surgeon -- it demands precise technique
combined with artistic creativity. In this chapter of the Craniofacial
Surgery book, you will learn about state-of-the-art treatments for
Microtia, Traumatic Ear Deformities and Otoplasty (commonly known as
prominent or protruding ears).
Craniosynostosis is a premature closing of one or
more of the normally present bony gaps between the different bones of the
skull. Learn about the surgical treatment of craniosynostosis that has
been transformed by the development of craniofacial techniques in
combination with the operative team approach of both a craniofacial
surgeon and a neurosurgeon.
This deformity is extremely rare and very complex. It
includes variations of many facial anomalies. Patients with Apert syndrome
have bilateral coronal synostosis in combination with upper and midface
retrusion as well as fusion of fingers and toes. This chapter includes
different cases studies and the multidisciplinary approach applied to
their individual needs.
Crouzon Syndrome is a rare congenital condition
marked by craniosynostosis, exorbitism and midface retrusion. It affects
one in 25,000 children. Patients with Crouzon's have very distinct facial
features similar to Apert syndrome. Read this chapter to learn more about
this deformity and its treatment.
A highly complex disease
process, Treacher Collins Syndrome is characterized by hypoplasia of the
facial bones, especially in the areas of the jaw and eyes. Facial clefting
causes this hypoplasic appearance, with possible deformities or
deficiencies of the ear, orbit, midface and lower jaw.
Millions of people sustain trauma
to the head and face resulting in complex fractures which, if not
correctly diagnosed and treated, may cause permanent functional and
cosmetic deformities. Although immediate treatment is the best way to
attain pre-injury facial appearance, advances in craniofacial surgery
offer hope for patients with pre-existing post-traumatic deformities as
This chapter highlights
several areas of orbital deformities including: encephaloceles, orbital
hypertelorism, enopthalmos and exopthalmos. Also within this chapter,
facial bipartition and monobloc advancement are covered.